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Focus and Secondary Predication

Lilia Sch Rcks. Kuniya Nasukawa. Sam Featherston. Hans-Peter Kolb. Carmen Dobrovie-Sorin. Pieter Muysken. Home Contact us Help Free delivery worldwide. Free delivery worldwide. Bestselling Series. Harry Potter. Popular Features. New Releases. Description The architecture of the human language faculty has been one of the main foci of the linguistic research of the last half century. This branch of linguistics, broadly known as Generative Grammar, is concerned with the formulation of explanatory formal accounts of linguistic phenomena with the ulterior goal of gaining insight into the properties of the 'language organ'.

The series comprises high quality monographs and collected volumes that address such issues. The topics in this series range from phonology to semantics, from syntax to information structure, from mathematical linguistics to studies of the lexicon. Product details Format Hardback pages Dimensions Other books in this series. Lectures on Government and Binding Noam Chomsky.

Add to basket. Challenges to Linearization Theresa Biberauer. Elements of Comparative Syntax Enoch Aboh. Alternatives to Cartography Jeroen Van Craenenbroeck. Living on the Edge Stefan Ploch. From Sounds to Structures Roberto Petrosino. Not only do they disagree about which are objects and which are adverbial, but they have also tended to define subcategories without a clear methodology, usually based on lexical semantics.

By contrast, my approach emphasizes syntactic definitions for the major categories, which I argue are three: secondary predicates, arguments, and modifiers. The syntactic and semantic framework of this study depends on the unified approach to predication of Bowers. Under that framework every predicate, whether primary or secondary, is assumed to have a predication phrase PrP structure. Secondary predicates are therefore defined very basically to be PrP structures which are somehow subordinate to a primary predication, and thus they may be adjuncts or they may be complements of the verb.

Arguments are constituents which are selected by the verb according to one of its recognized valency patterns.

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In particular, I aim to show that there are four different trivalent structures in BH: prepositional ditransitives, double object constructions, causatives, and complementatives. Modifiers, since they are adjoined, may exist in any number. I assume that modifiers are predicates of one of four conceptual primitives propositions, situations, events, and manners and that modifiers attach in the domain which corresponds to the appropriate primitive CP, TP, PrP, and vP respectively. This study also treats cognate accusatives, where the head noun is formed from the same root as the verb.

I argue here that cognateness is not itself relevant for syntax, but rather cognate accusatives may function as arguments, modifiers, or secondary predicates. The analysis of cognate accusatives depends on the transitivity of the verb. This study treats the above categories in turn, providing ample examples from the biblical corpus Genesis-Deuteronomy.

The text of the dissertation is supplemented by a digital appendix of analysed examples from the corpus. Save to Library. In this paper, we explore different ways to account for the peculiarities of depictive secondary predication in English, which we think can be characterized as long-distance modification. Other than with re-sultative secondary Other than with re-sultative secondary predication, the depic-tive and its target, typically the subject or direct object of a verbal phrase, do not form a contiguous constituent.

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Instead, the depictive attaches to the verbal domain that also embeds the target phrase. This sibling configuration, together with the constrained flexibility in choosing a target, obviously poses a challenge to the syntax-semantics interface and we therefore compare three general LTAG approaches to deal with this. To our knowledge, this is the first work that investigates the treatment of secondary predication within the TAG framework.

Secondary predicates are non-finite predicates occurring under the scope of a primary predicate. Adapting the unified approach to predication of Bowers , , I have described several subtypes of secondary predication occur- ring Adapting the unified approach to predication of Bowers , , I have described several subtypes of secondary predication occur- ring in Biblical Hebrew BH , some of which are adjuncts and some of which are complements. The goal of the present paper is to see whether Dead Sea Scroll DSS Hebrew attests the same range of subtypes and, in particular, to determine whether any diachronic change is evident in the basic construction of secondary predicates.

Data from the Dead Sea Scrolls may allow us to deter- mine whether Hebrew was moving toward or away from explicit realization of the predication head.

This study represents an initial foray into DSS Hebrew. This corpus attests four out of the five types of argument sharing secondary predicate identified in the Pentateuch: depictives, resultatives, explicit creation productives, and capacitives. Of these, only capacitives occur in large enough numbers to compare meaningfully with the biblical corpus. From this corpus alone there is no discernible shift toward or away from explicit marking of capacitives. Bankruptcy affects your income, employment and business, so what if we could know well in advance if a business is going bankrupt? There are many financial models available for prediction of corporate bankruptcy and among these Altman There are many financial models available for prediction of corporate bankruptcy and among these Altman Z-score and Zmijewski are two popular models even today despite being developed decades ago.

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These models have gained importance because of the increasing bankruptcy filings. The present study aims to know the accuracy of these two models in Indian context by using the financial data of kingfisher airlines, which will be compared with the other airline company i. We know that Kingfisher airlines does not exist anymore and Indigo is a leading airline company in Indian aviation sector.

The study will use the financial data of one bankrupt company Kingfisher and one non bankrupt company Indigo to know the applicability of these two popular models in Indian context. The study aims at knowing the accuracy of these two models in predicting bankruptcy. Zhukovska V. Based on a representative sample from the corpus of the English language BYU-BNC, the traditional approach to the absolute construction as an "independent" structure that has no connection with the rest of the sentence is reconsidered. The analysis of referential relations between the unaugmented absolute construction and its matrix clause has established that cases of coreference full and partial significantly outweigh the cases of absence of coreference.

Furthermore, the obtained data show that meronimic part-whole relations prevail in the analysed sample. More precisely, the relations of the types "component - integral object" and "member - collection" are the most numerous. The obtained results suggest that in Present-day English unaugmented absolute constructions compensate lack of syntactic connection with the matrix clause with closer semantic relations, explicitly expressed by complete or partial coreference.

In our further research on the issue we intend to carry out a similar analysis for the English augmented absolute constructions in order to determine prevailing types of coreference between them and the matrix clause.


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Key words: the unaugmented absolute construction, the matrix clause, reference links, coreference, the language corpus. Landman introduced contemporary linguistics to the as-phrase. An as-phrase is a qualifier, introduced in English by "as. Their presence can make it difficult to distinguish valid from invalid arguments, a perennial concern for philosophers. Landman proposed the first formal semantic theory of as-phrases, based on a set of seven intuitively-valid patterns of inference involving as-phrases.

Chapter 1 of this dissertation reviews and criticizes a temporal account of as-phrase semantics, while tracing some precedents and motivations for my approach. Asher's complex theory solves these problems, but resorts to the obscure notions of relative identity and bare particulars. On my approach, the semantic properties of Type A sentences resolve into an interaction among generic quantifiers, determiner-phrase interpretation, and one core quantifier based on a principal ultrafilter. It is the interaction-effects of these elements that give rise to the many unusual readings we find in these as-phrase sentences.

This result supports my motivating view that linguistic research helps to solve semantic problems of philosophical interest. Abstract: This paper presents part of the debate on what has been called Small Clauses SC , discussing its origins and state of affairs. In a nutshell, they refer to a subset of constructions that express a tenseless subject-predicate In a nutshell, they refer to a subset of constructions that express a tenseless subject-predicate relation.

The proposals regarding the existence of SCs and their structural descriptions go along with the historical development of the Generative Program itself, raising important questions on grammar proposals and providing empirical findings. In this article, we present an historical background of some of those proposals that involve SCs and summarize some of their most prominent researchers, along with prototypical examples and Brazilian Portuguese data, when relevant.

The Essive in North Saami.

Focus and Secondary Predication : Susanne Winkler :

The description of the properties of this case follows the linguistic questionnaire that captures the contexts The study specifically investigates the opposition between permanent and impermanent state in non-verbal predications. The linguistic domains involved are non-verbal main predication, secondary predication, complementation, and manner, temporal, and circumstantial adverbial phrases. The use of the marker in the essive sense associated with state is contrasted with its use in expressing the translative sense associated with change.

Finally, the syntactic position of elements marked by this form is discussed in relation to the position of focus constituents. The book addresses a number of grammatical and semantic issues concerning the choice between the nominative and instrumental cases of Russian secondary predicates adjectives and ordinal numerals syntactically related to full lexical The book addresses a number of grammatical and semantic issues concerning the choice between the nominative and instrumental cases of Russian secondary predicates adjectives and ordinal numerals syntactically related to full lexical verbs , and presents the results of an experiment that was carried out in Moscow State University in December The experimental design of two questionnaires with a total of test sentences allowed independent assessment for most of the variables that were expected to have an effect on the choice of the case.

A total of respondents, students of non-philological subjects, participated in the experiment.